Border Collie

Border Collie: Character, Health, Feeding, Price, and Care

Border Collie: Character, Health, Feeding, Price, and Care

Whether you are looking for a working dog or a loyal companion, the Border Collie is an excellent breed to consider. Though they are not the easiest breed to care for, their impressive intelligence and boundless energy make them well worth the effort.

The Border Collie is a herding and managing dog breed developed on the rugged border between Scotland and England. They are known for having a compelling gaze, or "eye," with which they lead their flock.

If you want to learn more about this amazing breed, keep reading below, where we cover everything from their character and health to their price and care.

border collie

History of the Border Collie


The Border Collie originated on the border between England and Scotland, where they were bred for their outstanding herding skills.

Their ancestors likely include various British and Roman herding dogs that were crossed with local breeds over time.

Development of the breed

The modern Border Collie was developed during the 19th and 20th centuries, with the first standard being established in 1906.

The breed gained popularity in other countries, including the United States and Australia, where they continued to excel in herding and other working roles.

Appearance and Physical Characteristics

border collie

Size and weight

Border Collies are medium-sized dogs, with males standing between 19 and 22 inches at the shoulder and weighing 30 to 45 pounds.

Females are slightly smaller, measuring 18 to 21 inches and weighing 27 to 42 pounds.

Coat types and colors

Border Collies have two coat types: smooth and rough.

The smooth coat is short and lies close to the body, while the rough coat is medium to long in length and has a more textured appearance.

Both coat types are dense and weather-resistant. This breed comes in a variety of colors, including black and white, blue merle, red and white, and tricolor.


Border Collies often have striking eyes, which can be brown, blue, or one of each color (known as heterochromia).

Border Collie Cost

The cost of a Border Collie can vary depending on several factors such as the breeder, location, pedigree, age, and health of the dog.

On average, you can expect to pay between $600 to $1,500 for a Border Collie puppy.

However, some breeders may charge higher prices for puppies with exceptional pedigrees or for show-quality dogs.

Additionally, there are ongoing costs associated with owning a dog, such as food, veterinary care, grooming, and training, which should also be taken into consideration before deciding to get a Border Collie or any other pet.

Temperament and Personality

border collie


Border Collies are renowned for their intelligence, often ranking as the most intelligent dog breed. This makes them highly trainable and quick to learn new commands and tasks.

Energy level

Border Collies have an abundance of energy and require plenty of physical and mental stimulation to stay happy and healthy.

They are not a breed for sedentary lifestyles and thrive in active households.

Affection and loyalty

Border Collies are known for their strong loyalty and affection towards their family.

They are generally friendly towards other people and animals but may be reserved with strangers. Early socialization is essential to ensure a well-rounded and confident dog.

Training and Exercise Needs

border collie

Training tips

Training a Border Collie requires consistency, patience, and positive reinforcement.

They are eager to please and learn quickly, making them a joy to train.

However, their intelligence also means they can become bored if not challenged, so it's essential to keep training sessions varied and engaging.

Exercise requirements

Border Collies need a significant amount of daily exercise to keep their minds and bodies active.

A combination of physical activities, such as running, hiking, or playing fetch, along with mental stimulation through puzzle toys or agility training, will help keep your Border Collie happy and healthy.

Common Health Issues

Border Collies are generally a healthy breed, but they can be prone to certain health issues, including hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), and Collie eye anomaly (CEA).

Regular check-ups with your veterinarian and responsible breeding practices can help minimize the risk of these conditions.

Grooming and Maintenance

Border Collies require regular grooming to maintain their coats and prevent matting.

Weekly brushing is recommended for both coat types, with more frequent brushing needed during seasonal shedding. Bathing should be done as needed, usually every few months.

Regular nail trimming, ear cleaning, and dental care are also essential to maintain your dog's overall health.

Living with a Border Collie

Family life

Border Collies can be excellent family pets, especially for active families who can provide the necessary exercise and mental stimulation.

They are generally good with children and other pets, but early socialization and proper training are crucial to ensure a well-adjusted dog.

Apartment living

While Border Collies can adapt to living in an apartment, it can be challenging to provide the required exercise and stimulation in such a limited space.

A home with a fenced yard or access to a safe outdoor area for off-leash play is preferable.

Border Collie Activities and Sports

Border Collies excel in various dog sports, including agility, flyball, herding trials, and obedience competitions.

Participation in these activities can provide the physical and mental challenges this breed craves, while also strengthening the bond between you and your dog.

Adopting a Border Collie

If you're considering adopting a Border Collie, research reputable breeders or contact local rescue organizations specializing in this breed.

Be prepared to answer questions about your lifestyle, as responsible breeders and rescuers will want to ensure their dogs are placed in suitable homes.


1. How much exercise does a Border Collie need?

A Border Collie needs at least 1 to 2 hours of daily exercise, including physical activities and mental stimulation.

2. Are Border Collies good with children?

Yes, Border Collies are generally good with children, but early socialization and proper training are essential to ensure a well-adjusted dog.

3. Do Border Collies shed?

Border Collies shed moderately, with heavier shedding during seasonal changes. Regular grooming can help manage shedding and maintain a healthy coat.è

4. Can Border Collies live in apartments?

While it is possible for Border Collies to live in apartments, it can be challenging to provide the necessary exercise and mental stimulation in a limited space. A home with a fenced yard or access to a safe outdoor area for off-leash play is preferable.

5. How long do Border Collies typically live?

Border Collies have a relatively long lifespan, with an average life expectancy of 12 to 15 years. Proper care, including regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, and appropriate exercise, can contribute to a long, healthy life for your Border Collie.

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Border Collie Cost

Border Collie Puppy

Border Collie Cost